Beetroot cultivation is grown in different areas in India for various purposes such as fruit, juice, sugar, vegetables, medicine, medicine, fodder, salad, pickle, and used in human disease prevention. Carrot, radish, sweet potato, turnip, such as this dark red tuberous fruit.
Sugar is 9-10%, protein 1-2.5% in beetroot, along with magnesium, calcium, iodine, potassium, iron, vitamin-C, and vitamin-B are found in abundance. Beetroot is in total demand every year due to its qualities, and reasonable prices are also available, so farmer brothers should do Beetroot cultivation.
If you do farming at the right time, advanced information, then you can get good earnings. Let’s know about when and how to do beetroot farming, beetroot price, benefits of beetroot and many more.
When And How We Can Beetroot Cultivation?
If beetroot cultivation is done with the right time and care, then lakhs of rupees can be earned.
Suitable Climate and Soil
Beetroot is a kind of cold crop, so a cold climate is considered suitable for this. At the time of sowing the seeds in the field, the weather is equal, neither too much heat nor too much cold. Therefore, in the hilly and temperate regions of the country, its cultivation is done successfully, and the production is also heavy.
Concerning the soil, beetroot can be cultivated in any fertile soil, but when it comes to special fruiting, sandy loam and sandy loam are considered suitable, and water drainage should be good. The pH value of the soil should be 6 to 7.
Beetroots can be planted in light shade and grow best in deep, well-drained soils. Beetroots have deep roots that can reach a depth of 36 to 48 inches, so don’t plant them where the tree’s roots are spread out or where another crop is growing alongside.
Sowing Time for Beetroot Cultivation
The sowing time for beetroot cultivation is considered to be in an even climate. That is not too much heat or cold, so the best and suitable time is the month of October.
Sowing takes place from the first week of October to January-February, depending on the country’s climate. Till the soil of the field till a depth of 8 to 10 inches. For which use plough or rotavator with the help of a suitable tractor like Swaraj 963.
Beetroot Seed Varieties and Species
While selecting the seed for sowing, keep in mind that the varieties of beetroot prevailing in your area or what type of beetroot is in demand in the market, select the species accordingly and sow it and earn a good profit.
- Megan Poly
- US – 9
- Detroit Dark Red
- U H 35
- There are varieties like Ruby, Rani etc., from which you will get a good production.
Beetroot is grown separately for both root and apex. Beetroots are mainly used for the sugar industry. However, any top can be used for home pickles, vegetables, salads, juices, etc.
Irrigation and Weeding in Beet Farming?
Talking about irrigation, it depends on the season, how the weather is. If there is no rain, irrigation should be given at an interval of 10 to 12 days, according to the demand for irrigation in the crop. The operation of irrigation can be done with the tractors like Swaraj 744 XT.
Water the plants weekly when there is no rain. Beetroot can reach 36 inches or more when sufficient soil moisture is available.
In beetroot cultivation, weed control and weeding should be done after 30 days of weeding. Later weeding and hoeing should be done with care at an interval of 15 to 20 days.
Diseases in Beetroot Cultivation?
There are 2 diseases most commonly seen in beetroot crops: first leaf borer disease, second stem or root rot disease.
To avoid or solve the problem of leaf borer disease in beetroot, the diseased plants should be uprooted and buried in the ground outside the field.
To prevent these diseases, we should spray an M 45 / hectare solution of 1 litre in 650 to 800 litres of water twice at an interval of 15 days.
Benefits and Earnings from Beet Farming?
After 2 months of cultivating sugar beet, a good demand/price is available from the market. Most of the beetroot consumption/demand in the country is in January-February, so farmers cultivating in October can earn a good profit.
Benefits of Eating Beetroot?
Beetroot fruit is one of the healthiest fruits in the world. Rich in nutrition is beneficial and beneficial for our body in many ways.
- It supplies many vitamins like Vitamin-A, Vitamin-B, Vitamin-C, Iron, Calcium, Potassium, Phosphorous, Magnesium, etc.
- Strengthens the liver and enhances the health of the body.
- Beetroot contains a particular type of substance that prevents diseases like blood cancer in the body.
- Drinking beetroot juice also prevents problems like constipation.
- Beetroot also removes issues like irritability and fatigue in the body.
- Beetroot strengthens the muscles of the body and also increases immunity power.
- Beetroot also maintains the glucose level of the body and prevents diseases like shortness of breath.
- It helps a lot in maintaining the blood pressure of the body.
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