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Criminal law

Types of Criminal Law You Must Need To Know

Criminal law is the most common type, and thousands of people commit it. No state, country, or city is free from crime. The criminal ratio varies in different countries, but none are free from it.

We are going to share all possible information on different types of criminal law you must know. Each type of crime has a specific category of criminal law under which it will be charged, so let’s explore the most serious and minor crimes in this post. Criminal lawyers are mainly for ensuring justice and protecting the rights of individuals accused of crimes.

Criminal law attorneys provide expert legal representation, navigate complex legal systems, and advocate for fair trials. Their role is critical in upholding the principles of due process and ensuring that every defendant receives a fair and unbiased hearing.

What Are the Four Types of Criminal Law?

  • Felony offenses
  • Misdemeanor offenses
  • Minor crimes
  • Other offenses

Felony Offenses

The most severe category of offenses in the United States is felony. In the lightest cases, you have to serve at least more than one year in prison, and the severity of imprisonment can lead to hanging to death.

Whatever crime you are charged with, you can get help from the criminal defense attorney to lower your punishment, and if you are innocent, then prove your innocence.

Here is a list of some common crimes included in felony offenses.

Murder and Manslaughter

This is the most severe crime where you will be charged because you took another person’s life intentionally or murdered an innocent person harshly. Murder is even classified into degrees; among the types of degrees, the first degree carries the harshest punishment.


This is the second most serious act of forcefully taking property or valuables from another person, often involving violence or threats.


You are engaging in deceptive practices for financial gain, including white-collar crime and securities fraud.


This is the third most serious crime involving the unlawful abduction and restraint of an individual, with the intention of harm, extortion, or other criminal purposes.

Drug trafficking

Drugs, the most offensive crime, also known as drug trafficking, come under the bulk of the distribution and sale of controlled substances such as narcotics or illicit drugs.

No matter which criminal activity you are fond of, with the help of a good criminal law attorney you can lower your punishment.

Misdemeanor Offenses

Misdemeanor crimes are less severe than felonies but more significant than minor offenses. Misdemeanor penalties hardly include fines, probation, community service, and incarceration for up to one year. The misdemeanor offenses include.


The crime involves physically attacking someone, resulting in minor injuries or threats of harm.

Petty Theft

This involves the stealing of someone’s property or goods of legal value.


Trespassing unlawfully involves interfering, entering, or living on another person’s property without their permission.


The most common offense is driving a car when you are drunk or after taking drugs, which makes you out of control and results in a risk to you and the public as well.

Minor Crimes

Minor crimes are less severe than both types of crimes. Minor crimes involve infractions or ordinance violations. The crime can result in monetary fines. Some common crimes include

Traffic Violations

The most common crime that every second person is charged with involves failing to follow traffic rules and regulations, such as running a car when the signal turns red, driving on the wrong side of the road, failing to follow the right way, and most commonly, driving without a license.


Throwing trash improperly, defacing public property, and littering in public or restricted places.

Public Nuisance

Activities that disrupt public peace and order include excessive noise or disorderly conduct.

Petty Drug Possession

Having a small drug within you for your personal use.

Other Offenses

Some of the other common and non-common offenses include.

Sexual Crimes

Sexual assault is not a minor crime. You can hardly be punished for the crimes you have committed, like sexual exploitation, misconduct, and abuse. These crimes are not very common and can result in severe punishment, like severe physical and emotional harm inflicted on victims.

Rape And Sexual Assault

Nonconsensual sexual acts that result in physical or psychological harm to the victim.

Child molestation

Sexual abuse with children and exploitation of minors.

Child sexually

The creation, distribution, or possession of sexually explicit material involving minors.


Engaging in sexual activities for monetary gain in the states where prostitution is not legal.

Domestic Violence

Domestic violence is the most common form of violence that is done within your home. It can involve abusive behavior within the context of a domestic or family relationship. This can be physical, emotional, or sexual violence. The law will be responsible for protecting the individual from that specific violence.

Legal Defenses For Criminal Cases

Legal defenses are potential tools in criminal cases. A lawyer uses them to protect the criminal from being sentenced. Self-defense is a great asset when a person is accused of murder or assault. Sometimes, lawyers also try to save their clients by declaring them mentally unstable. There are many other defenses as well, but these are some of the most common ones.


Criminal cases are dangerous, especially when you are guilty. But if you are not guilty, then with the help of a criminal law attorney, you can get rid of charges, and the guilty person can lower their punishment. So, here is accurate information on the types of criminal laws, along with examples.

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