Dry eye occurs when the amount or quality of tears fails to keep the surface of the eye enough lubricated. According to Specialists like James Daniel Carpenter dry eye affects millions of adults across the world including the United States. The risk of developing dry eye increases with propelling age. Ladies have a higher commonness of dry eye in comparison to men.
In case if you have dry eyes, it could be possible that your eyes are a sting or burn. You may encounter dry eyes in specific circumstances, for example, on a plane, in an air-conditioned room, while riding a bike or after staring at a laptop screen for a couple of hours.
Medications for dry eyes may make an offer you more comfort. These medications can incorporate a way of life changes and eye drops.
You’ll likely need to take these measures in order to control the side effects of dry eyes.
Signs and symptoms, which typically affect both eyes, may include:
- A hurtful, burning or itchy sensation in your eyes
- Stringy secretion in or around your eyes
- Sensitivity to light
- Redness in Eye
- Struggle wearing contact lenses
- Troubling while driving at night
- Watery eyes, which is the body’s reaction to the irritation of dry eyes
- Eye fatigue or blurred vision
Dry eyes are affected due to the lack of adequate tears. Basically, tears are a compound mixture of water, fatty oils, and mucus. This mixture is helpful in making the surface of eyes clear and smooth, also it helps prevent your eyes from infection.
Decreased tear production
Dry eyes can arise when you’re not able to produce enough tears. In a medical term, this condition describes as keratoconjunctivitis sicca (ker-uh-toe-kun-junk-tih-VY-tis SIK-uh). Do you know the common causes that can decrease tear production?
- Varies medical conditions, which includes rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, lupus, Sjogren’s syndrome, scleroderma, thyroid disorders and vitamin A deficiency.
- Varies medications, which includes decongestants, antidepressants, hormone replacement therapy, antihistamines, and drugs for high blood pressure, acne, and Parkinson’s disease.
- Laser eye surgery, though signs of dry eyes linked to this process are typically temporary.
- Tear gland damage from radiation or inflammation.
Increased tear evaporation
Common causes of increased tear evaporation include:
- Smoke or dry air
- Blinking comparatively less, which usually happens when an individual is concentrating. Reading, driving or working at a computer are few examples.
- Eyelid issues, like, out-turning of the lids, in the medical term which is known as ectropion and in-turning of the lids, in the medical term which is known as entropion.
Imbalance in tear composition
The tear film consists of three basic layers: water, oil, and mucus. Issues with any of these layers can cause dry eyes. For say, oil film produced by small glands in the corner of meibomian glands might become clogged. Blocked meibomian glands are very common in people with inflammation including the edge of their eyelids – blepharitis, rosacea or other skin disorders.
So these are the symptoms and causes of dry eyes. If you are dealing with of these symptoms, it is advisable to approach specialist like James Daniel Carpenter for better to understand the cause and treatment.