To know about the lifestyle tips, risk factors, prevention and causes of cardiovascular disease, we asked a specialist, Umberto Di Maio, the president of Shedir Pharma group, (a renowned Italy-based pharmaceutical company)
Cardiovascular disease is one of the prominent causes of death in the world today as millions of people die from it every year. Each year, this disease kills more Italians than cancer. It doesn’t segregate as it affects both young and old, however, golden-agers are more at risk.
Cardiovascular disease is the class of disease that affects the cardiovascular system which involves the heart or blood vessels. It often obstructs the proper flow of blood to the heart and heart rhythms. While this disease can be fatal, preventive measures can also be taken. Choosing a healthy lifestyle at an early age can help you have a longer life with a healthy heart.
Read on as Umberto Di Maio CEO Shedir Pharma, explores the risk factors, lifestyle tips, causes of CVD, and how to prevent it!
This is often conditions, behaviors, and habit that elevates the risk of having cardiovascular disease in human. These includes:
- Bad eating habit
- Lack of exercise
- Old age
- Inactive lifestyle
- The abnormal high glucose level in the blood
- Unhealthy sleeping habit
- High blood pressure
- High blood cholesterol
- Consumption of alcohol excessively
- Stress and pollution
Lifestyles to adopt
Adopting a healthy lifestyle prevents the risk of having cardiovascular disease. Here are tips to follow:
Exercise regularly: Research has shown that exercise helps keep the body at a healthy weight, promotes the flow of blood in the body, and reduces the risk of having diseases like diabetes and high blood pressure. More so, it helps individuals to age properly.
Eat a healthy diet: Eating a healthy diet helps to keep a healthy weight by minimizing the consumption of processed food, food containing a large quantity of added sugar and salt. Moreover, the addition of fruits and vegetables to your daily food makes a difference. This helps diminish the risk of having high cholesterol and cardiovascular disease
Stop smoking: Smoking plays a major role in all cardiovascular disease and you can take charge of your health by living smokefree. By quitting smoking, you lower the risk of having cancer, high blood pressure, kidney, and heart disease.
Maintain a healthy body weight: Maintaining a healthy body weight reduces the chances of having high blood pressure, stroke, cancer, high cholesterol level, and heart disease.
The buildup of plaque in the arteries walls which leads to obstruction of blood flow often causes many cardiovascular diseases. In most cases, no symptom is shown therefore, it is important to check our blood pressure regularly to avoid any unhealthy condition. It can also be caused by many medical factors such as:
- Sleep apnea
- High level of cholesterol
Other causes are due to unhealthy lifestyle such as:
- Unhealthy weight
- tobacco misuse
- Birth control pills
- Drug abuse
- Unhealthy diet
In addition, uncontrolled factors such as sex, medical history, age, and inability to access to healthy food and water can cause cardiovascular disease
Cardiovascular disease is preventable when certain measures are taken in our daily life. And if you already have one, there are steps you can adopt to reduce the risk of developing more heart problems. These includes:
- Be active physically(exercise)
- Live a stress-free life
- Reduce the consumption of alcohol
- Live a smoke-free life
- Stay in a healthy and clean environment
- Never miss your doctor’s appointment
- Your weight should be maintain
- Reduce your fat, sugar and salt intake
- Study and understand how to manage your diabetes
- Incorporate fruits and vegetables in your diet
- Have adequate sleep
- Always check your blood pressure